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Falun Gong activist detained in Poland. China needs his extradition. Supreme Courtroom determination

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On Friday, the Supreme Courtroom handled the case of Zhihui Li, a 53-year-old Swedish citizen, whose extradition has been demanded by China for practically two years, which the courts of each situations agreed to. Representatives of non-governmental organizations defending human rights and the Swedish authorities are in opposition to the extradition of the person to the Center Kingdom. The attraction was lodged by the Ombudsman. On Friday, the Supreme Courtroom agreed with him.

We’ve got been informing you in regards to the Zhihui Li case because the starting of January. A Chinese language businessman with a Swedish passport is being prosecuted by the Chinese language prosecutor for fraud. His lawyer, nonetheless, factors out that he’s an activist of the Falun Gong group brutally combated in China and that he’ll face “torture and demise” after his extradition. Courts of each situations discovered the authorized admissibility of extraditing the person to China final yr. From August 2020, the choice on this case was last.

The cassation attraction, which was examined by the Supreme Courtroom on Friday afternoon, was filed by the Human Rights Defender. It indicated that the courts of first and second occasion had insufficiently investigated the case earlier than continuing to adjudicate.

“Amongst different issues, all of the related circumstances relating to the authorized and precise chance of mitigating the life imprisonment in China haven’t been investigated. And that is required by the rulings of the European Courtroom of Human Rights” – emphasised the Ombudsman in a communication on the web site.

Key declaration

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A sure shock was the truth that the prosecutor’s workplace determined to assist the cassation within the courtroom. Its consultant acknowledged on Friday that the paperwork on the idea of which the District Courtroom in Warsaw and the Courtroom of Enchantment in Warsaw made their selections have been “incorrectly translated”.

– It can’t be that in such an vital matter one ought to guess what the representatives of one other nation wrote within the unique. The required paperwork must be translated so that every one authorized nuances depart no doubts – emphasised the prosecutor within the courtroom.

Through the trial within the first and second occasion, the prosecution didn’t increase any objections as to the standard of the interpretation. Furthermore, one of many translated paperwork was essential for the prosecution. It was in regards to the place of the Chinese language embassy, ​​which declared full transparency of the method and promised the potential of visiting Zhihui Lo by Polish representatives in a Chinese language cell. It was this promise, as we have been satisfied by the prosecutor’s workplace, that determined that nearly your entire length of the trial, the general public prosecutor supported the Chinese language facet’s request to extradite Zhihui Li.

To be reconsidered

The Supreme Courtroom lastly revoked the legally binding determination on the authorized admissibility of extradition and referred the case for re-examination by the court docket of attraction.

Because the judge-rapporteur, Przemysław Kalinowski, emphasised, the provisions require clarification of doable considerations as to the observance of the rights of a prosecuted particular person within the state that calls for extradition. Nonetheless, not one of the courts has executed this thus far.

– In a scenario the place a citizen of the European Union is to be extradited to a rustic exterior the EU, the matter must be seen by way of the prism of jurisprudence ensuing from EU rules. And from this attitude, it’s inconceivable to disregard the truth that the sentence of life imprisonment is hardly acceptable within the European authorized order – emphasised decide Kalinowski.

He indicated that the district and appellate courts had not sufficiently analyzed whether or not and to what extent the penalty for Zhihui Li may very well be lowered.

– It has not been established whether or not and when the defendant might apply for early launch. It has not even been established which authority decides on early launch. It has not been analyzed whether or not there’s a judicial manner of interesting in opposition to the choice to not cut back the penalty, the decide enumerated.

China is demanding the discharge of the person detained at Chopin Airport23.12. | – If Poland surrenders me to China, I’ll die – says an activist of a company exterminated by the communist authorities of the Center Kingdom. The truth that this can be a very actual situation can also be talked about by non-governmental organizations and the Swedish embassy, ​​whose residents he’s detained. Regardless of this, Polish courts discovered that the detainee may very well be launched.TVN24 Lodz


Zhihui Li was detained in March 2019 – throughout a enterprise journey from Sweden to Romania. The person modified at Chopin Airport. There, on the idea of the so-called Interpol’s pink be aware, was arrested by the Border Guard.

It was issued in 2017 by China, which suspects Zhihui Li of fraud for practically 4 million zlotys. In line with prosecutors from the Center Kingdom, Li allegedly extorted cash from an organization whose firm was speculated to ship items. Nonetheless, in line with the investigators, the supply didn’t happen, and the switch to the suspect’s firm was made on the idea of a cast items acceptance protocol.

Nonetheless, Zhihui Li himself emphasizes that the costs in opposition to him are only a cowl for the communist regime punishing him for supporting Falun Gong, a neighborhood brutally fought in China. Li – as a millionaire – was not solely a member, but in addition financed the group’s actions for years.

What’s Falun Gong?tvn24.pl

Convicted affiliate

Polish legislation forbids the detainee to be returned to a rustic the place she or he would face the demise penalty or violation of human rights. The ultimate determination is made by the minister of justice, however the court docket should first determine whether or not there are any authorized contraindications for this.

Final yr, the Warsaw appellate court docket legally acknowledged that there aren’t any authorized contraindications for extradition to happen.

– It must be emphasised that within the investigation going down within the Folks’s Republic of China, Mr Li’s affiliate was sentenced to 10 years and 6 months’ imprisonment – Choose Jerzy Leder, spokesman of the Courtroom of Enchantment in Warsaw, emphasised in entrance of our digital camera.


The court docket famous that the crime of fraud will not be punishable by demise (and life imprisonment). On the identical time, he emphasised that China declared its willingness to cooperate with Poland and supply info on the trial of Zhihui Li and the situations wherein he can be held.

The issue is that the guarantees believed by Polish judges and prosecutors don’t – in line with international specialists – give any ensures that Li won’t be tortured.

– Nobody who is aware of the realities of the Chinese language justice system not less than somewhat ought to belief such assurances – she warned in an interview with tvn24.pl professor Eva Pils from King’s Faculty, one of the prestigious universities on this planet.

Pils has been researching Chinese language public legislation for years.

– As a scientist who has been following comparable {cases} for a few years, I’ve little question that the danger of torture Mr. Li could be very actual, particularly on the stage of pre-trial detention and gathering proof. The assurances of diplomats that this won’t be the case don’t matter – mentioned prof. Pils in an interview for tvn24.pl.

Prof. Eva Pils: It will be unhealthy if there have been an extradition 14.01. | On Friday, the Supreme Courtroom will have a look at a cassation attraction within the case of Zhihui Li, a Swedish citizen detained in Białołęka, Warsaw. China is demanding its launch, and Polish courts have legally determined that there aren’t any authorized contraindications in opposition to it. – It will be unhealthy for Poland – a rustic that respects human rights – to conform to extradition. There he will probably be tortured – feedback Prof. Eva Pils of London King’s Faculty. She is echoed by different folks researching China and the actions of the justice system there.TVN24 Lodz

Predominant picture supply: TVN24 Lodz

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