The March of Remembrance passed through the streets of Muranów on Thursday. Its participants commemorated the hundreds of thousands of Jewish residents of Warsaw deported in the summer of 1942 to the Treblinka extermination camp.
On the occasion of the 79th anniversary of the commencement of the great ghetto liquidation action, the 22nd July March of Remembrance was held along the streets of Muranów for the tenth time. The event is to commemorate the 300,000 Jewish residents of Warsaw who were deported to the Treblinka extermination camp in the summer of 1942.
The March of Remembrance began in front of the Umschlagplatz monument, from where transports to extermination camps started in the past. As Monika Krawczyk, director of the Jewish Historical Institute, the main organizer of the event, said, this year’s march was dedicated to teachers. – In the extreme conditions of the ghetto, they did not lose faith in the value of education and the moral models they tried to pass on to their students. Until the last days before the deportation destined to death, they accompanied their pupils in learning to read, preparing for the secondary school-leaving examination, or even rabbinical exams. Many teachers and their students went to the Umschlagplatz – said Krawczyk.
She noted that this was where their path to death began. – We, gathered here today, follow the path from death, which we leave behind, to life. We are diverting the march of three hundred thousand victims from all streets of the Warsaw Ghetto, said the director of the Jewish Historical Institute.
The Chief Rabbi of Poland, Michael Schudrich, prayed for the murdered. He pointed out that the Jewish nation had gone through many tragedies in its history. Nevertheless, he stressed that it was hopeful.
The parade participants walked along Stawki, Dubois, Anielewicza, Świętojerska Streets, along the Krasiński Garden, where ribbons with the names of murdered Jews were hung on the fence, up to Stare Nalewki Street. There, the artistic installation “Ławki”, designed by architect Jakub Szczęsny, was set up for this event and will be on display until August 31st.
Jews were taken to Treblinka
On July 22, 1942, the so-called the liquidation action, which was part of the operation “Reinhardt”, which, in accordance with the previous arrangements of the Main Reich Security Office, assumed the physical extermination of Jews.
Within two months of shares, approx. 300 thousand. The Jews were transported to the extermination camp in Treblinka and murdered there. It was 75 percent. of the ghetto population, and approx. 10,000 people were murdered on the spot. Only 60,000 Jews remained in the area of the reduced ghetto. people employed in enterprises producing for the needs of the Third Reich or illegally living in the ghetto.
Initially, the Jews were not aware of the real purpose of the summer 1942 action. The German propaganda said that the Jews deported from the ghetto were relocated to agricultural lands in the east to work for the Reich. However, it came to light very quickly, incl. thanks to the accounts of Jewish escapees from the Treblinka camp that the aim of the Germans was to completely exterminate the Jews.
Main photo source: Mateusz Marek / PAP